Act 24:1 ¶ And after five days Ananias the High Priest descended
with the elders, and [with] a certain orator [named] Tertullus,
who informed the governor against Paul.
COMMENT: his is the third Ananias in the
book of Acts. It obviously was a common name in those days, but
there was only one High Priest. This was the High Priest who
ordered Paul struck in the mouth against the law of Moses.
He took his time in coming to make sure he came armed with a
certain orator which can be compared to our big case lawyers
today. He was the spokesman for the the Sanhedrin against
Act 24:2 And when he was called forth, Tertullus began to
accuse [him], saying, "Seeing that by you we enjoy great quietness,
and that very worthy deeds are done unto this nation by your
COMMENT: The orator begins by pointing out
what GREAT QUIETNESS the Israelites were enjoying under the
rulership of governor Felix while in fact they were rioting in
their attempt to kill Paul. But had Felix brought that fact into
the hearing, the orator would have been able to say the riot
was Paul's fault. He went on to say:
Act 24:3 "We accept [it] always, and in all places,
most noble Felix, with all thankfulness.
COMMENT: The orator proceeds in his flattery
to lie to Felix suggesting the Jewish people accepted the Roman
yoke which they did not.
Act 24:4 "Notwithstanding, that I be not further tedious
unto you, I pray you that you would hear us of your clemency
a few words.
COMMENT: To cover himself, he refers
to his introduction as being tedious for Felix to hear; and
moves into his fabricated case against Saint Paul:
Act 24:5 "For we have found this man [a] pestilent [fellow],
and a mover of sedition among all the Jews throughout the world,
and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes:
COMMENT: The orator uses exceedingly strong
language in calling Paul "pestilent" which is a word we associate
with flies getting on our food, and in calling Paul "a mover of
sedition" which means he is accusing Paul of stirring up the
Jews to riot, and in calling Paul "a ringleader of the sect of
the Nazarenes" he chooses the kind of word we would use for
You can also see the orator has framed the whole problem Paul is
made out to be in an empire wide context saying he is causing
problems "throughout the world."
Act 24:6 Who also hath gone about to profane the temple: whom
we took, and would have judged according to our law.
COMMENT: The orator goes on however, after his
first shotgun blast of accusations; to say Paul has gone even further
in going about "to profane the temple" which means Paul is accused
of corrupting the temple by letting a Gentile in, but the orator
has to be careful because he is talking to a Gentile.
Act 24:7 But the Chief Captain Lysias came [upon us],
and with great violence took [him] away out of our hands,
COMMENT: The orator continues making a
very powerful case in falsely accusing Paul with the use of
language that already presumes his guilt. Now he implicates
the Commander of the Roman garrison in the matter saying
he ought not to have come upon the Israelites who were in the
process of killing Paul. So they are making out the Commander
to be part of the problem.
Act 24:8 Commanding his accusers to come unto you:
by examining of whom yourself may take knowledge of all
these things, whereof we accuse him.
COMMENT: And so the orator closed his case
against Paul having made him guilty of many things without
presenting any evidence at all. So the case of the Sanhedrin
against Paul was totally dependent on Felix being as bigoted
as they were against the truth.
Act 24:9 And the Jews also assented, saying that these things
COMMENT: The High Priest and those with him
agreed with the orator openly before Governor Felix.
Act 24:10 ¶ Then Paul, after that the governor
had beckoned unto him to speak, answered, "Forasmuch as
I know that you have been of many years a judge unto this
nation, I do the more cheerfully answer for myself:"
COMMENT: Paul unlike the orator does not
offer any flatteries to Governor Felix but is glad to answer for
Act 24:11/12 Because that you may understand, that there
are yet but twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem to
worship. And they neither found me in the temple disputing
with any man, neither raising up the people, neither in the
synagogues, nor in the city:
COMMENT: Paul makes it clear he caused
no sedition in the twelve days he was in Jerusalem nor did
he dispute with any man.
Act 24:13 Neither can they prove the things whereof they
now accuse me.
COMMENT: Paul defeats their case by
pointing out they have no evidence to support their accusations.
Act 24:14 But this I confess unto you, that after
the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my
fathers, believing all things which are written in the law
and in the prophets:
COMMENT: Paul is finished with his worldly case.
He has already dismissed their accusations as unsubstantiated.
He now speaks as a preacher of the gospel of Jesus Christ instead
of passing up the opportunity to reach the ear of Governor Felix
and all those present.
Act 24:15 And have hope toward God, which they themselves
also allow, that there shall be a Resurrection of the dead,
both of the just and unjust.
COMMENT: Paul refers to the two
Resurrections. The first is for the just. The second at the end
of the thousand year reign of Christ is for the unjust.
Act 24:16 And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a
conscience void of offence toward God, and men.
COMMENT: Paul makes it clear he will not do
anything that would injure his own conscience.
Act 24:17 Now after many years I came to bring alms to my
nation, and offerings.
COMMENT: Paul has been occupied in the ministry
of the Lord for "many years," possibly from A.D. 34 to A.D. 57 which
is twenty four years.
Act 24:18 Whereupon certain Jews from Asia found me purified
in the temple, neither with multitude, nor with tumult.
COMMENT: Paul points out the Jews from
Asia were his accusers.
Act 24:19 Who ought to have been here before you, and
object, if they had ought against me.
COMMENT: Paul makes it clear his accusers
are absent from the proceedings.
Act 24:20 Or else let these same [here] say, if they have
found any evil doing in me, while I stood before the council,
COMMENT: Paul is referring to the hearing
outside of the castle in Jerusalem where he divided the
Pharisees and the Saduccees.
Act 24:21 Except it be for this one voice, that I cried
standing among them, touching the Resurrection of the dead I
am called in question by you this day.
Act 24:22 ¶ And when Felix heard these things, having more
perfect knowledge of [that] way, he deferred them, and said,
When Lysias the Chief Captain shall come down, I will know the
uttermost of your matter.
COMMENT: The Governor put the matter on hold
to hear from Lysias the Chief Captain who had been accused by
the orator in his accusations against Paul.
Act 24:23 And he commanded a Centurion to keep Paul,
and to let [him] have liberty, and that he should forbid none
of his acquaintance to minister or come unto him.
COMMENT: Felix kept Paul in custody, but
let him have liberty to come and to go, and to receive visitors
Act 24:24 And after certain days, when Felix came with his
wife Drusilla, which was a Jewess, he sent for Paul, and heard
him concerning the faith in Christ.
COMMENT: This was a private meeting between
Paul and the Governor who wanted to know more of the faith in
Christ the Apostle was preaching. You can be sure the word was
out to the rulers that miracle workers were about the business
of the Lord in the Middle East and beyond.
Act 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance,
and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, "Go your way
for this time; when I have a convenient season,
I will call for you."
COMMENT: Felix took in all he could of
the gospel truth and dismissed Paul because the message made him
Act 24:26 He hoped also that money should have been given
him of Paul, that he might loose him: wherefore he sent for him
the oftener, and communed with him.
COMMENT: But being a corrupt governor,
Felix called for Paul often in the hope of receiving a bribe from
him, but Paul refrained from buying his freedom.
Act 24:27 But after two years Porcius Festus came into
Felix' room: and Felix, willing to shew the Jews a pleasure,
left Paul bound.
COMMENT: So Paul remained in custody for
two years with freedom until A.D. 59 when Festus became
governor. Then Felix being an unjust steward, left Paul
bound in custody so that would be the way Felix found him
as he took over the governorship.