Act 18:1 ¶ After these things Paul departed from Athens,
and came to Corinth;
COMMENT: After those things which took
place in Athens, Saint Paul came to Corinth which is South
just across a small body of water where the boot of Greece
is broken off from the mainland. You can refer back to the
map at the bottom of Chapter fifteen where Paul's
THIRD MISSIONARY JOURNEY is outlined.
Act 18:2 And found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in
Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla;
(because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from
Rome:) and came unto them.
COMMENT: Emperor Claudius issued
an edict banning all Jews from Rome in A.D. 49. This was
four years after King Herod Agrippa died suddenly after
accepting worship from a multitude which is a form of
blaspemy punishable by death under the law of Moses.
Act 18:3 And because he was of the same craft, he abode
with them, and wrought: for by their occupation they were
COMMENT: Saint Paul was apparently short of
finances for the work. We don't find him passing the famous collection
plate of today nor does he make speeches promising what great works
God will do if believers donate to the cause. Instead he takes up
his trade of tentmaking which ought not to be confused with his
credentials as a Pharisee which are of no use to him now that he
is preaching against their errors in denying Christ.
Act 18:4 And he reasoned in the Synagogue every Sabbath,
and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
COMMENT: Paul is working during the week
as a tentmaker now and is preaching on Saturday with powerful
persuasion, convincing both Jews and Greeks in the city of
Act 18:5 And when Silas and Timotheus were come from
Macedonia, Paul was PRESSED IN THE SPIRIT, and testified
to the Jews [that] Jesus [was] Christ.
COMMENT: Here we have a spiritual tip showing
those few who would master the anointing, how being PRESSED IN
THE SPIRIT was understood by Paul to indicate it was time to
testify to the Jews that Jesus was Christ, the Messiah they were
looking for. This is to this day the point of contention with
the Jewish people in regard to the validity of the New Testament.
Act 18:6 And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed,
he shook [his] raiment, and said unto them, Your blood [be]
upon your own heads; I [am] clean: from henceforth I will go
unto the Gentiles.
COMMENT: Now we find out why the great Saint
was PRESSED IN THE SPIRIT. The Jews in Corinth were not preordained
by God to accept Christ as their Saviour in this Age; so Paul was
able to move on to the Gentiles.
Act 18:7 And he departed from there, and entered into a certain
[man's] house, named Justus, [one] that worshipped God, whose
house joined hard to the synagogue.
Act 18:8 And Crispus, the Chief ruler of the synagogue,
believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the
Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized.
COMMENT: Once again, Saint Paul is winning
a congregation out of a city in a very short time.
Act 18:9 Then spoke the Lord to Paul in the night by a
vision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not your peace:
COMMENT: Here is the personal relationship
so many speak of, but so few attain to. The Lord appeared to
Saint Paul in a vision and spoke to him. You can be sure the
supernatural vision was not anything man has ever seen with his
Act 18:10 For I am with you, and no man shall set on you to
hurt you: for I have much people in this city.
COMMENT: Paul had apparently gotten weary
of being beaten and whipped for preaching the gospel, and the
Lord seeing it spoke to him reassuringly giving him rest from
the violence. This conjecture is supported by Paul working at
tentmaking. The poverty was getting to him too.
Act 18:11 And he continued [there] a year and six months,
teaching the word of God among them.
COMMENT: Once it became clear he had an
umbrella of divine protection for the preaching and teaching of
the gospel in Corinth, Paul was more than willing to remain there
as long as the grace of God made it possible.
Act 18:12 And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the
Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and
brought him to the judgment seat,
COMMENT: The unbelieving Jews finally
had enough after a year and a half and gathering against Paul,
they brought him to Gallio who was appointed
as proconsul of Achaia for a
one-year term in A.D. 51.
Act 18:13 Saying, This [fellow] persuades men to worship
God contrary to the law.
COMMENT: Here the Jews meant to accuse
Paul of violating both the law of Moses and Caesar's law if they
were given the opportunity.
Act 18:14/15 And when Paul was now about to open [his] mouth,
Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or wicked
lewdness, O Jews, reason would that I should bear with you:
But if it be a question of words and names,
and [of] your law, you look [to it]; for I will be no judge
of such [matters].
Act 18:16 And he drove them from the judgment seat.
COMMENT: They must not have been driven
Act 18:17 Then all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the Chief ruler
of the synagogue, and beat [him] before the judgment seat.
And Gallio cared for none of those things.
COMMENT: Here you see in a small way the
persecution the Jewish people have suffered all over the world.
Were Gallio a just judge and ruler, he would have stopped them
from beating the Chief ruler of the synagogue. You will also notice
Crispus is no longer Chief ruler of the Synagogue after he and his
family believed in Jesus Christ, the unbelieving Jews replaced him
with Sosthenes who was beaten before the judgment seat.
Act 18:18 ¶ And Paul [after this] tarried [there] yet a
good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and
sailed from there into Syria, and with him Priscilla and
Aquila; having shorn [his] head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow.
COMMENT: Paul knew he had gotten all of the
mileage he could get out of the Lord's promise of safeguarding him
there in Corinth as soon as he had been brought before the judgment
seat of the Romans, he knew it was time to move on.
Aquila shaved his head because he had a vow unto God. Shaving
the head has always had spiritual significance with Israel.
Act 18:19 And he came to Ephesus, and left them there:
but he himself entered into the Synagogue, and reasoned
with the Jews.
COMMENT: Ephesus was directly across the
Act 18:20/21 When they desired [him] to tarry longer time
with them, he consented not;
But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all
means keep this feast that comes in Jerusalem: but I will
return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus.
Act 18:22 And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up,
and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.
COMMENT: Paul sailed from Ephesus to
Caesarea which would have been a long walk, and there in Caesarea
he was back among the first church he and Barnabus had estalished
in the faith; so we have no Epistles to them, but to the later
churches of the Thessalonians, Corinthians, Philippians and
Ephesians; we have Epistles from Saint Paul
in the New Testament and the Jewish
people of today like the Jewish people of the first Century would
be wise to hear what a man made wiser than them by God
of their own kinship has to say to them.
Act 18:23 And after he had spent some time [there],
he departed, and went over [all] the country of Galatia and
Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.
COMMENT: Saint Paul tended to the sheep.
Act 18:24/25 ¶ And a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria,
an eloquent man, [and] mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus.
This man was instructed in the way of the Lord;
and being fervent in the spirit, he spoke and taught diligently
the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of John.
COMMENT: In other words, he had not yet
received the baptism of the Holy Ghost.
Act 18:26 And he began to speak boldly in the Synagogue:
whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto
[them], and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.
COMMENT: Aquila and Priscilla were discreet.
They took Apollos aside where they could talk privately without him
losing face. And in private they "expounded unto him the way of God
more perfectly" for they were disciples and knew the way of God
better than Apollos.
Act 18:27 And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia,
the brethren wrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him:
who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed
Act 18:28 For he mightily convinced the Jews,
[and that] publicly, showing by the Scriptures that Jesus
COMMENT: Aquila and Priscilla apparently
showed him convincing arguments from the Prophets so Apollos
was able to mightily convince the Jews "Jesus was Christ."